Petrochemicals industry which is a broad based organic supplement sector, has shown considerable growth since the second half of 20th century. The sector has become one of the main elements of the economy over a short period of time because of its substitution for a wide array of natural raw materials, products’ durability and relative cost advantage.
Petrochemicals industry is a continuously growing field with its new product types and areas of usage. World trends show that growth in demand for petrochemicals produsts exceed growth rate in the global economicy. This indicates that petrochemical products are penetrating to alternative products markets as substitues in an increasing trend year by year.
Petrochemicals industry is exposed to global competition. Raw materials, market and technological advantages are the main parameters that play major roles in this competition. Regions that have an advantage in raw materials and that have sufficient size and growth potential over the other geographical regions are preferred for prospective investments.
Developments in global markets are steadily improving the performance of petrochemicals industry. Tesport which targets to penetrate to emerging markets and aims to specialize in the petrochemicals sector, is giving petrochemicals products a top priority in the company’s activities.
Purified Terephthalic Acid (PTA)
Purified Terephthalic Acid is major raw materiel for making polyester polymer driven by increasing end usages of Polyesters in apparel, packaging and industrial applications. PTA was first introduced in 1965 as an alternative to Dimethyl Terephthalate (DMT) for the production of polyester. By the end of 2004, almost 90% of all polyester was made with PTA and this trend is continuing. Today, polyester is applied in all walks of life, producing clothing, furniture, upholstery, containers and films. It is also used as an intermediate material for the production of pesticides, inks and paint products.
Diethylene Glycol (DEG)
Diethylene glycol (DEG) is a valuable chemical intermediate used in the production of unsaturated polyester resins (UPR), plasticizers, acrylate and methacrylate resins and urethanes. Ethylene glycols are used as a reactant in the manufacture of polyester resins. Diethylene glycols for use in polyester fiber, films and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resin production, as well as alkyd resins used in paints. The uses for polyester resins are extremely varied, and include boat and marine, construction materials, automotive and aircraft bodies, luggage, furnishings, appliances, textiles and packaging. Polyester fibers are commonly found in textile applications including clothing and carpets. Polyester films are frequently used in packaging and wraps for consumer goods, as well as video, audio and computer tapes. PET is widely used in the manufacturing of beverage bottles and containers, and other consumer goods packaging.
Dimethyl Terephthalate (DMT)
DMT is used for the synthesis of PET and PBT via a cross esterification wih diverse diols and is used in diverse fields such as film, fiber, engineering plastics and adhesives.
Monoethylene Glycol (MEG)
Monoethylene glycol (MEG) is an important raw material for industrial applications. A primary use of MEG is in the manufacture of polyester (PET) resins, films and fibers. In addition, MEG is important in the production of antifreezes, coolants, aircraft anti-icer and deicers and solvents.
High Density Polyethylene (HDPE)
HIGH-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE (HDPE) resin is produced from the chemical compound ethylene. HDPE bottles are blow-molded. Bottles are used for detergents, shampoos, motor oil, milk and other liquid products, and drugs and cosmetic products. Milk bottles are the single biggest HDPE package. Most milk and water bottles use a natural-colored HDPE resin. Bottles used for detergents, shampoos and other products often have colorants added to the resin.
Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE)
LDPE is the low density version of PE. This has less hardness, stiffness and strength compared to HDPE, but better ductility. It is opaque and only thin foils can be transparent. LDPE is used for packaging like foils, trays and plastic bags both for food and non-food purposes. Used as protective coating on paper, textiles and other plastics, for instance in milk cartons.
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
PVC resins are employed in a wide variety of applications including pipes, films, sheets, profiles, coated fabrics, flooring, wire and cable. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a general-use resin that is finding wide application in goods used in daily life and in all kinds of industrial materials. Petroleum accounts for only about 40% of the raw materials for PVC, and the manufacturing process places a relatively small burden on the environment. Moreover, PVC has great durability and is easy to recycle, it has a wide range of applications as a substitute for wood, and thus has many excellent characteristics from the viewpoint of resource conservation, energy-saving, and the environment.
Vinyl Acetate Monomer (VAM)
VAM is a key ingredient in emulsion polymers, resins, and intermediates used in paints, adhesives, coatings, textiles, wire and cable polyethylene compounds, laminated safety glass, packaging, automotive plastic fuel tanks, and acrylic fibers.
Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA)
EVA packaging resins are optimized for use in packaging films and structures made using blown film extrusion, coextrusion and extrusion coating equipment. Available details for commercial grades include composition, food contact status, melt flow properties and typical packaging applications.
Polycarbonate Chips (PC)
Polycarbonate resin is widely used in a broad range of industries, including automotive and transportation, building and construction, electrical and electronics, telecommunication, packaging, medical, optical/opthalmic, and optical media.